U.S. Route 40 – a road also known as Old National Pike, Old National Road, Old Cumberland Road, Old Route 40, or Old U.S. 40 – cuts East to West twenty feet from our house. First an Indian trail, this National Road became a horse and wagon trail and then a federally established highway in 1811, the first of its kind. It is often referred to as The Road That Made America. In the spring of 2014 as I was turning the earth for a garden I found a remarkably distinct arrowhead carved from pink flint. It could signify some struggle between the road builders and the native population in 1811, or an undocumented skirmish with white settlers. It could be an artifact from the French and Indian War, or from a much older time when Indians hunted the valleys alone and fought amongst themselves. There is a lacuna in the history of Native Americans prior to the French and Indian War in this area. Any history there is relies too heavily on unconfirmed stories and legends. There was no great center of indigenous power here, only competing bands of moveable tribes with sometimes shifting alliances.

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